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Thursday, 22 March 2012

Recent Tasks Lifetime in vCenter Server

Once a task is complete in vCenter Server, the task shows up in the recent tasks pane for a default lifetime of 10 minutes after which tasks can be found in the Tasks & Events tab. The task list is capped at 200 tasks in order to allow for better scalability. These default values work well. However,
you can reduce the task lifetime by adding the following tag to the vpxd.cfg file.
<task>
<completedLifetime>600<completedLifetime>
</task>


Indicate the value of completedLifetime in seconds.
You can also change the length of the task history list in the vpxd.cfg file:
<task>
<completedMaxEntries>200</completedMaxEntries>
</task>

The vpxd.cfg file is located at:
<Program Data Folder>\VMware\VMware VirtualCenter

For More Info Read this http://www.vmware.com/files/pdf/techpaper/vsp_41_perf_VC_Best_Practices.pdf  (Page 20)

Tuesday, 13 March 2012

Independent Persistent Vs. Independent Non-Persistent


Independent Disks are not affected by snapshots.

Persistent
Changes are immediately and permanently written to the disk.

Nonpersistent -
- Changes to this disk are discarded when you poweroff or restore a snapshot.
- Changes are discarded only if you power off the VM.* (or shutdown the VM). Rebooting VM or reseting VM is different from power OFF and shutdown. If you will reboot the machine then you will not get the desired results

Mostly for the Testing and Training.

For Example.

I have team who do testing on their application, during the testing the server crashes lot of time. So just a power OFF and power ON will provide them the Server immediately with all configuraiton in please. (Yes offcourse snapshot helps, but not a right one to use in this case, because snapshot has to used whenever its necessary, also it take datastore space, with IOPs, slow performance etc)

Also same with Training for example, i will have user for practising their application, create their own user ID, profiles,play around till they do their training they can use it for a period of say 10 days or a month and once after that training, we can make available the same server to other set of users for their training, by just powere OFF and ON, Imagine if you use snapshot for 10 days or 1 month and you just revert how much time its going to take also load on the storage, consistents on the disk etc.

We're running several Windows XP and Windows 2003 server guest VMs in a classroom setting.  After class is over the instructor wants to reset the VMs back to default.  We initially configured the disks as independent, nonpersistent with the idea that the students could reboot the VMs during class and keep all changes made, but a shutdown at the end of class would reset the disks back to the default setup.  This worked well.

How the update manager 5 can reduces the number of reboots required after VMware Tools updates?

In VUM 5.0 We have option to automate VMware Tools update during the Power Cycle so when you have a schedule downtime.


What's New:-
VMware Tools Upgrade: VMware vSphere Update Manager 5.0 enables reductions in virtual machine downtime when upgrading VMware Tools by reducing the number of reboots required. You can schedule an upgrade to occur at the time of next virtual machine reboot.


Check this for more info:-
http://pubs.vmware.com/vsphere-50/topic/com.vmware.ICbase/PDF/vsphere-update-manager-50-install-administration-guide.pdf (Page 132)

What's New in vSphere 5

http://www.vmware.com/files/pdf/products/vsphere/vmware-what-is-new-vsphere5.pdf