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Monday, 7 January 2013

Vmware hostd and vpxa on ESXi 5.X

HOSTD
The vmware-hostd management service is the main communication channel between ESX/ESXi hosts and VMkernel. If vmware-hostd fails, ESX/ESXi hosts disconnects from vCenter Server/VirtualCenter and cannot be managed, even if you try to connect to the ESX/ESXi host directly. It knows about all the VMs that are registered on that host, the luns/vmfs volumes visible by the host, what the VMs are doing, etc. Most all commands or operations come down from VC through it. i.e, powering on a VM, VM vMotion, VM creation, etc.

Restart the management agent

/etc/init.d/hostd restart

VPXA
It acts as an intermediary between VC and hostd. The vCenter Server Agent, also referred to as vpxa or the vmware-vpxa service, is what allows a vCenter Server to connect to a ESX host. Specifically, vpxa is the communication conduit to the hostd, which in turn communicates to the ESX kernel.

Restart the vpxa service

/etc/init.d/vpxa restart

Note:- If you have SSH enabled on your ESXi server these services can also be restarted and even if these are restarted by you then also your SSH session will not be impacted.