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Tuesday, 24 January 2017

Using VCHA (vCenter High Availability) in vSphere 6.5

A vCenter HA cluster consists of three vCenter Server Appliance instances. The first instance, initially used as the Active node, is cloned twice to a Passive node and to a Witness node. Together, the three nodes provide an active-passive failover solution.

Deploying each of the nodes on a different ESXi instance protects against hardware failure. Adding the three ESXi hosts to a DRS cluster can further protect your environment.

When vCenter HA configuration is complete, only the Active node has an active management interface (public IP). The three nodes communicate over a private network called vCenter HA network that is set up as part of configuration. The Active node and the Passive node are continuously replicating data.





Image thanks to VMware


vCenter HA Nodes

Node
Description
Active
Runs the active vCenter Server Appliance instance
Uses a public IP address for the management interface
Uses the vCenter HA network for replication of data to the Passive node.
Uses the vCenter HA network to communicate with the Witness node.
Passive
Is initially a clone of the Active node
Constantly receives updates from and synchronizes state with the Active node over the vCenter HA network
Automatically takes over the role of the Active node if a failure occurs
Witness
Is a lightweight clone of the Active node
Provides a quorum to protect against a split-brain situations



Configuring vCenter HA Steps
1. Select vCenter > Configure Tab > vCenter HA > Configure 


2. Choose either Basic or Advanced Option

3. Configure IP details

4. Configure Deployment Configuration for Passive and witness node

5. Review your Configuration and Click on Finish

6. Once Enabled you can check the status under Configure Tab

If you want to test the failover, click on Initiate Failover.

For more Info refer vCenter HA Performance and Best Practices Whitepaper